Applications of Plausible, Paradoxical, and Neutrosophic Reasoning for Information Fusion

**http://atlas-conferences.com/cgi-bin/calendar/d/facg83**

**http://fusion2003.ee.mu.oz.au/call_for_papers.html#special_sessions**

**The
sixth International Conference on Information Fusion**

**FUSION
2003 -
8-11 July 2003**

**Radisson
Hotel, Cairns, Queensland, Australia**

**Chair: Dr. Jean Dezert Co-Chair: Prof. Florentin Smarandache**

**ONERA
Department of Mathematics**

**29
Avenue de la Division Leclerc
University of New Mexico**

**92320
Châtillon, France
Gallup, NM 87301, USA**

**Email:
Jean.Dezert@onera.fr
Email: smarand@unm.edu**

**Topics****:**

**1)
Applications of Neutrosophic Logic in Information Fusion**

**Session
Description:**

**The processing of uncertain
information has always been a hot topic of research since the 18th century and
deep theoretical advances have been obtained for the theory of probability
theory and statistics. During the
second half of the 20th century, several new and interesting mathematical
theories have emerged in parallel with the development of computer science and
technology in order to combine many types of information (fuzzy, uncertain,
imprecise, etc.) provided by different sources (human expertise, sensor
measurements, AI expert systems, neural network, quantum theory, economics
predictions). The problem of
combination of such diverse information is very difficult and is great challenge
for all researchers working in this field. The information fusion is very important in many fields of
applications and particularly in all modern defense systems.
Up to now, the principal theories available for data fusion are the
axiomatic probability theory (Kolmogorov 1933), the fuzzy set theory (Zadeh
1965), the possibility theory (Dubois and Prade 1985) and the theory of evidence
developed by G. Shafer in 1976.
**

** **

**Only recently, in 1995, Dr.
Smarandache has introduced in philosophy the notion of 'neutrosophy', as a
generalization of Hegel's dialectic, which is the basement of his researches in
mathematics and economics, such as 'neutrosophic logic', 'neutrosophic set', 'neutrosophic
probability', and 'neutrosophic statistics' (1995-2002).
Neutrosophy is a new branch of philosophy that studies the origin,
nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different
ideational spectra. Neutrosophic Logic is a logic in which each proposition is
estimated to have the percentage of truth in a subset T, the percentage of
indeterminacy in a subset I, and the percentage of falsity in a subset F, where
T, I, F are standard or non-standard intervals included in
]-0, 1+[. There is no
boundary restriction on sup(T)+sup(I)+sup(F), neither on inf(T)+inf(I)+inf(F),
which leave room for the fusion of incomplete and respectively paraconsistent
information too. Dr.
Smarandache also defined the neutrosophic logic connectors.
Neutrosophic Logic is a generalization of the fuzzy logic (especially of
IFL), intuitionistic logic (which supports incomplete theories), paraconsistent
logic (which deals with paraconsistent
information), dialetheism (which says that some contradictions are true),
faillibilism (which asserts that uncertainty/indeterminacy belongs to every
proposition), etc. and tries to unify all existing logics in a common
mathematical framework. In
neutrosophic logic it is possible to characterize contradictions, antitheses,
antinomies, paradoxes (while in the fuzzy logic it was not), and to distinguish
between relative, and respectively, absolute truth. Similarly, Dr. Smarandache
proposed an extension of the classical probability and the imprecise probability
to the 'neutrosophic probability', that he defined as a tridimensional vector
whose components are subsets of the non-standard interval ]-0, 1+[. Also, he
generalized the fuzzy set to the 'neutrosophic set' (and its derivatives: 'intuitionistic
set', 'paraconsistent set', 'dialetheist set', 'paradoxist set', 'tautological
set') and defined the neutrosophic set operators.**

** **

**In parallel, Dr. Jean Dezert
has developed a new theory for plausible and paradoxical reasoning that can be
interpreted as a generalization of the Dempster-Shafer Theory. The
neutrosophical information processing can be regarded as a prelude to the
plausible and paradoxical inference developed in the DSmT, acronym for Dezert-Smarandache
Theory - as called by researchers. It has been recently proved that the DSmT is able to
correctly solve many problems where the classical Dempster-Shafer theory fails.
The main idea of the DSmT is basically not to accept the third exclude
principle and to deal directly in the formalism with the possible paradoxical,
inconsistent (and even incomplete or redundant) nature of the information.
Doing this, the DSmT allows us to get easily results without
approximations or requirement of heuristics for combining any sources of
information (even for those appearing as in full contradiction).
Details about neutrosophic logic and DSmT can be found in following free
e-books available at:**

**http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/NeutrosophicProceedings.pdf****, **

**http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/eBook-Neutrosophics4.pdf,**

**The best source about DSmT is Dr. Jean Dezert's article
"Foundations for A New Theory of Plausible and
Paradoxical Reasoning", to appear in "Information and Security
Journal", An International Journal, Edited by Tzvetan Semerdjiev, CLPP,
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sophia, Nov. 2002 (http://www.bas.bg/clpp/mmosi/).**

**Potential authors can also ask
organizers for additional references.**

** **

**The goal of this session is to
present and discuss theoretical advances in neutrosophic logic and DSmT,
together with applications in information fusion. The session will focus on fundamental aspects of processing
of uncertain and paradoxical information, architecture of intelligent hybrid
systems, and applications of DSmT to solution of military as well as
non-military problems. Authors are
encouraged to submit their questions and contributions for this session (LaTeX,
ps, pdf, or MS Word files) directly to organizers through email at Jean.Dezert@onera.fr
and smarand@unm.edu.
The contributed papers have to be ready for print by May 15, 2003, in order to
meet the printing schedule (see http://fusion2003.ee.mu.oz.au/call_for_papers.html).
All submitted papers must follow the paper guidelines given at http://fusion2003.ee.mu.oz.au/paper_submission.html.**

**Abstracts of papers can be
submitted to ****http://atlas-conferences.com/cgi-bin/abstract/submit/cajx-01
which is a web site at York University, Canada, and viewed at
http://atlas-conferences.com/cgi-bin/abstract/cajx-01.**

**Invited
Speakers: M. Khoshnevisan, S****.****
****Bhattacharya****,****
****F. Liu, J. Brenner, etc.**

**Abstracts
of papers accepted to this special session**

**Papers published in the "Proceedings of **
**The sixth International Conference on Information Fusion", Australia, 2003:**